Types Of Fish Plate In Railway

Quick Read show Introduction Types of Fish Plates 1. Standard Fish Plate 2. Compromise Joint Fish Plate 3. Insulated Fish Plate 4. Manganese Steel Fish

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Introduction

Sobat Penurut, welcome to our article about the different types of fish plates used in railways. Fish plates play a critical role in the construction and maintenance of railway tracks, connecting rails and keeping them aligned. In this article, we will explore the different types of fish plates and their uses in the railway industry.

First, let’s understand what a fish plate is. A fish plate, also known as a splice bar, is a metal plate used to connect two rails end-to-end. The fish plate is bolted to the rails, providing a joint that allows the rail to expand and contract with changes in temperature.

Now, let’s dive into the different types of fish plates used in railways today.

Types of Fish Plates

1. Standard Fish Plate

The standard fish plate is the most common type of fish plate used in railways. It is made of steel and is ideal for connecting rails of the same size. It has four bolt holes, two on each side, and is used to connect rails that are the same height and weight.

Standard fish plates are typically used in mainline tracks, sidings, and yards. They are also used in turnouts, which are sections of track that allow trains to switch from one track to another.

2. Compromise Joint Fish Plate

The compromise joint fish plate is used to connect rails of different sizes. It is designed to accommodate the differences in height and weight between the two rails. The compromise joint fish plate has four bolt holes on one side and six bolt holes on the other side.

Compromise joint fish plates are typically used in rail joints where different rails are connected. They are also used in turnouts and crossings, where the rails may have different weights and heights.

3. Insulated Fish Plate

The insulated fish plate is used to provide electrical insulation between the rails. It is made of a non-conductive material, such as plastic or rubber, and has four bolt holes on each side.

Insulated fish plates are typically used in electrified railway tracks, where the rails are used to power the trains. The insulated fish plates prevent electrical current from flowing between the rails, reducing the risk of electrical shock to maintenance workers.

4. Manganese Steel Fish Plate

The manganese steel fish plate is made of high-strength manganese steel and is used in heavy-duty applications. It has four bolt holes on each side and is designed to withstand heavy loads and extreme temperatures.

Manganese steel fish plates are typically used in areas where the rails are subjected to heavy loads, such as in industrial sidings and ports. They are also used in areas where the rails are exposed to extreme temperatures, such as in desert regions.

5. Grooved Fish Plate

The grooved fish plate is used to connect grooved rails, which are commonly used in streetcar and light rail systems. It has four bolt holes on each side and is designed to fit into the grooves of the rail.

Grooved fish plates are typically used in urban transit systems, where the rails are often laid on concrete or asphalt surfaces. They are also used in areas where the rails need to be easily removed and replaced, such as in temporary construction sites.

6. Welded Fish Plate

The welded fish plate is used to connect rails that have been welded together. It is made of steel and has two bolt holes on each side.

Welded fish plates are typically used in areas where a continuous rail is required, such as in long bridges and tunnels. They are also used in areas where the rails are exposed to extreme temperatures, such as in desert regions.

7. Base-Plated Fish Plate

The base-plated fish plate is used to connect rails to a concrete base. It has four bolt holes on each side and is designed to provide a stable connection between the rail and the base.

Base-plated fish plates are typically used in areas where the rails are laid on concrete or asphalt surfaces. They are also used in areas where the rails need to be securely anchored to the base, such as in high-speed rail systems.

FAQs

1. What is the purpose of a fish plate?

A fish plate is used to connect two rails end-to-end. The fish plate is bolted to the rails, providing a joint that allows the rail to expand and contract with changes in temperature.

2. What is a compromise joint fish plate?

A compromise joint fish plate is used to connect rails of different sizes. It is designed to accommodate the differences in height and weight between the two rails.

3. What is an insulated fish plate?

An insulated fish plate is used to provide electrical insulation between the rails. It is made of a non-conductive material, such as plastic or rubber, and has four bolt holes on each side.

4. What is a manganese steel fish plate?

A manganese steel fish plate is made of high-strength manganese steel and is used in heavy-duty applications. It is designed to withstand heavy loads and extreme temperatures.

5. What is a grooved fish plate?

A grooved fish plate is used to connect grooved rails, which are commonly used in streetcar and light rail systems. It is designed to fit into the grooves of the rail.

6. What is a welded fish plate?

A welded fish plate is used to connect rails that have been welded together. It is made of steel and has two bolt holes on each side.

7. What is a base-plated fish plate?

A base-plated fish plate is used to connect rails to a concrete base. It is designed to provide a stable connection between the rail and the base.

8. Where are standard fish plates typically used?

Standard fish plates are typically used in mainline tracks, sidings, and yards. They are also used in turnouts, which are sections of track that allow trains to switch from one track to another.

9. Where are compromise joint fish plates typically used?

Compromise joint fish plates are typically used in rail joints where different rails are connected. They are also used in turnouts and crossings, where the rails may have different weights and heights.

10. Where are insulated fish plates typically used?

Insulated fish plates are typically used in electrified railway tracks, where the rails are used to power the trains.

11. Where are manganese steel fish plates typically used?

Manganese steel fish plates are typically used in areas where the rails are subjected to heavy loads, such as in industrial sidings and ports. They are also used in areas where the rails are exposed to extreme temperatures, such as in desert regions.

12. Where are grooved fish plates typically used?

Grooved fish plates are typically used in urban transit systems, where the rails are often laid on concrete or asphalt surfaces. They are also used in areas where the rails need to be easily removed and replaced, such as in temporary construction sites.

13. Where are base-plated fish plates typically used?

Base-plated fish plates are typically used in areas where the rails are laid on concrete or asphalt surfaces. They are also used in areas where the rails need to be securely anchored to the base, such as in high-speed rail systems.

Conclusion

Nah, Sobat Penurut, we have explored the different types of fish plates used in railways today. Each type of fish plate has its unique features and uses, depending on the application. Whether it is connecting rails of different sizes or providing electrical insulation, fish plates play a critical role in the construction and maintenance of railways.

Maka dari itu, it is important to choose the right type of fish plate for each application to ensure the safety and reliability of the railway. Kalian bisa menggunakan tabel di bawah ini untuk memperjelas informasi mengenai jenis-jenis fish plate yang telah kita bahas.

Type of Fish Plate Uses
Standard Fish Plate Mainline tracks, sidings, yards, turnouts
Compromise Joint Fish Plate Rail joints, turnouts, crossings
Insulated Fish Plate Electrified railway tracks
Manganese Steel Fish Plate Industrial sidings, ports, extreme temperatures
Grooved Fish Plate Streetcar and light rail systems, temporary construction sites
Welded Fish Plate Continuous rails, extreme temperatures
Base-Plated Fish Plate Concrete or asphalt surfaces, high-speed rail systems

If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to ask in the comments section below. Thank you for reading!

Disclaimer

This article is intended for informational purposes only. The information provided is based on our research and experience in the railway industry. We do not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the information provided. The use of any information in this article is at your own risk.

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